Present Simple Tense
Tense Exercises

Present Simple Tense in English

Present tense:

Present Simple:

This is used to express a habitual action.

Examples:

  • Ram eats apple every morning.
  • They take tea every evening.

To express a general truth

Examples:

The sun rises in the east.

For things which stay the same for a long time

Examples:

  • Sunita works in Dubai.
  • Vishal and Kajal live in Ranchi.

Present Continuous and Example:

To express an action going on at the point of speaking

Examples:

  • It is raining outside.
  • She is reading the newspaper loudly.

To express an action that is planned or organized to take place in near future

For example:

  • He is going to meet you tomorrow.
  • You are going to the mall today evening.

Note: You should use Present Simple in place of Present Continuous for the actions of the slightly distant future.

For example,

(She is going to the theatre the next week.) – Not Suitable

Rather say,

She goes to the theatre the next week.

Present Perfect

To denote completed activities in the immediate past

Incorrect: She just arrived.

Correct: She has just arrived.

To express those past actions whose time is not given and not definite?

Incorrect: I drank a glass of milk.

Correct: I have drunk a glass of milk.

For actions starting at some time in the past plus going on up to the moment of speaking (with ‘since’ and ‘for’ phrases)

Examples:

  • I have worked in this company for fifteen years.
  • I have known her since childhood.  

Regulation: The present perfect is never applied with adverbs of past time. In such cases the past simple ought to be used.

Incorrect: Anita has visited her parents last week.

Correct:  Anita visited her parents last week.

Present Perfect Tense Exercise

To denote completed activities in the immediate past

Incorrect: She just arrived.

Correct: She has just arrived.

To express those past actions whose time is not given and not definite?

Incorrect: I drank a glass of milk.

Correct: I have drunk a glass of milk.

For actions starting at some time in the past plus going on up to the moment of speaking (with ‘since’ and ‘for’ phrases)

Examples:

  • I have worked in this company for fifteen years.
  • I have known her since childhood.  

Regulation: The present perfect is never applied with adverbs of past time. In such cases the past simple ought to be used.

Incorrect: Anita has visited her parents last week.
Correct:  Anita visited her parents last wee

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

To express an action which started at some time in the past and is still going on?

For example,

  • You have been working on this project since January last.
  • Rita has been listening to music for two hours.

For an action already completed and the result of the action takes place in present

For example,

  • The car is very hot as it has been running in the sunlight.
  • The constable is very tired as he has been running behind the thief.

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